Plusieurs articles des membres du LPPS ont été publiés ou acceptés dans des revues internationales à comité de lecture récemment :
Hernandez-Mora, M., & Varescon, I. (2022). Sociodemographic and Psychopathological Factors Predicting Problematic Pornography Use in a Young Adult French Community Sample. Sexual Health & Compulsivity, 1 19. (SJR Q2, IF : 1.26) https://doi.org/10.1080/26929953.2022.2110342
Abstract : Background and aims: Risk factors for problematic pornography use (PPU) need targeted studies. This study aims to examine sociodemographic and psychopathological factors that may predict PPU. Methods: 1,001 French adults (Mage = 25.56) were assessed via an online survey. Results and discussion: Male gender, attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD) and obsessivecompulsive (OCD) symptoms are significant predictors of PPU. The tendency toward impulsivity of people with ADHD symptoms and the tendency toward compulsivity of people with OCD symptoms could explain their link with PPU. Conclusions: As sexual addiction, PPU lies on the impulsive–compulsive scale and could be classified as a behavioral addiction.
Mathieu, S., & Varescon, I. (2022). What are experienced poker gamblers saying about gambling ? An exploratory qualitative study. International Gambling Studies, 1 18. (SJR Q3, IF: 2.54) https://doi.org/10.1080/14459795.2022.2108483
Abstract : Poker is a game of chance and strategy in which the situations that arise and the outcome can cause gamblers to experience intense emotions, both pleasant and unpleasant, which can alter decision-making and lead to loss of control. This qualitative study aimed to identify elements that could contribute to better emotional regulation and gambling practices among experienced poker gamblers. A thematic analysis was carried out on 21 interviews conducted with male poker gamblers. It revealed four main themes: a confrontation with intense feelings (tilt, chasing, adrenaline), learning about and around the game (rules, jargon, knowledge of probability and statistics), a change in perception of poker (game as a sport, competition and improvement motives), and emotional detachment from the game over time. Acquiring knowledge about the game, attributing a word to each of the unfolding events, approaching poker in a scientific and serious manner, and introspection to improve poker practice seem to help poker gamblers regain control after being in the grip of intense emotions. This study provides access to the path taken by poker gamblers to respond to their desire to continue the gambling activity and to no longer be plagued by intense feelings.
Milan, L., Hamonnière, T., Varescon, I. (2022). Guilt in Alcohol Use: A Systematic Review. Addictive Behaviors (accepted 19.10.22) (SJR Q1, IF : 4.59).
Abstract : For decades, alcohol use disorder has been investigated in an attempt to understand its processes and implications. However, among all of the factors involved in alcohol use disorder, the role of guilt in alcohol use remains poorly explained, with many contradictory results. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to conduct a systematic analysis of the literature from 1990 to 2022 to review the studies investigating the link between guilt and alcohol consumption have obtained. Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) method, 31 studies were included in this review. The results of this work enable to highlight the plurality of guilt that has been studied in the literature. Grouped in two categories: state guilt and trait guilt, they seem to have diverse implications towards alcohol use or misuse. Guilt proneness seems to act as a protective factor towards alcohol use, except for the few studies conducted on a clinical population. Numerous studies indicated that state guilt is deleterious toward alcohol use, even if some results are contradictory. Furthermore, this work allows us to shed light on the limits of the studies currently carried out, and thus to propose new directions for future studies.
Milan, L. & Varescon, I. (accepted 27/10/2022). Self-Stigma in Alcohol Use Disorder : Involvement of Guilt and Shame in the Progressive Model. Stigma & Health. https://doi.org/10.1037/sah0000424. IF 2.07
Phan, J., Vander Haegen, M., Karsenti, L., Laurence, V., Marec-Berard, P., Cordero, C., Thisse, A., Riberon, C., & Flahault. C. (2022). Psychological adjustment, adaptation and perception of social support in French Adolescents and Young Adults after the diagnosis of cancer. Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology.10.1089/jayao.2022.0034.
Abstract : Purpose: The third Cancer Plan (2014-2019) has helped with the recognition of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer’s medical and psychosocial specificities and has enabled the creation of dedicated structures in France. Methods: The study involved 43 AYA patients (Nmen = 21; Nwomen = 22) between 15 and 27 years old (Mage = 19.9), diagnosed with all types of cancer, and were recruited in two French cancer centers. Online questionnaires were filled in 2 months after the beginning of treatment. AYAs completed measures of depressive and anxiety symptoms, perceived social support, and coping strategies. Results: Results demonstrated moderate depressive symptoms (M = 10.7, standard deviation [SD] = 7.0) and suggested a good satisfaction (M = 30, SD = 9.5) and a mild availability (M = 27, SD = 10.3) of the social support. Spearman’s correlations demonstrated that coping strategies are related to depressive symptoms, for which acceptance (p < 0.01) of the disease played a key role in their psychological adjustment. Perceived social support subscales were positively correlated with the use of distraction as a coping strategy (p < 0.05). Kruskal-Wallis test demonstrated the preferential use of instrumental (p < 0.05) and emotional support (p < 0.01), denial (p < 0.01), and self-blame (p < 0.01) for women and the use of acceptance (p < 0.05) and humor (p < 0.05) for men; and there were no significant differences between patients hospitalized in the two cancer center facilities. Conclusion: Finally, a better understanding of the psychological adjustment and processes among French AYAs with cancer will help families and processionals to better adjust AYA-specific needs at the beginning of cancer treatment.
Untas, A., Vioulac, C., Justin, P., Leu, A., & Dorard, G. (2022). Professionals’ awareness on young carers in schools: Results from a French survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(21), 14172. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph192114172
Abstract : Few studies have investigated professionals’ awareness of young carers (YCs). Therefore, the main aim of this study was to explore school professionals’ awareness of YCs. The secondary aim was to compare professionals’ responses according to their occupation. A total of 2658 professionals took part in this study by completing an online questionnaire. The results indicated that the mean for the perceived age for care beginning was 10.3 years old, with parents being perceived as the most frequent care recipient. The main caring activities reported were domestic chores, emotional support and sibling care, while care provided directly to the care recipient was perceived as less frequent. Many suggestions for improving the identification, referral and support of YCs were seen as relevant, but professionals were less supportive of suggestions for adjustments within schools. The key training needs centered around better identifying YCs and developing better knowledge of their difficulties. Differences were observed according to occupation, with administrative staff and teachers having less accurate perceptions than school counsellors as well as social and health professionals. This study shows that it can be difficult for school professionals to imagine a child providing care. Specific training, therefore, needs to be proposed according to school professionals’ occupations.
Par ailleurs, Maria Hernández-Mora a été invitée par l’eurodéputé François-Xavier Bellamy pour aborder l’enjeu de l’impact de la pornographie chez les enfants et adolescents, dans le cadre d’une conférence avec d’autres eurodéputés intitulée « Challenges and dangers of children exposure yo sexual explicit content in the digital era ».